How scalp cooling works
Who can have scalp cooling?
Scalp cooling is not suitable for everyone.
It isn’t suitable:
- with hematological cancers, such as melanoma, leukemia and lymphoma, as there is a high risk of cancer cells surviving in the blood vessels of the scalp and causing the cancer to come back after treatment
- for some people who need very high doses of chemotherapy, as scalp cooling is less likely to work with very high doses of the drugs
- if you’re having continuous chemotherapy through a pump for several days, as this makes it impractical to have scalp cooling
- for some patients whose liver isn’t working as well as it should – this may lead to the chemotherapy drugs circulating in the body for longer than usual, and it may not be possible to keep the scalp cold for long enough
- for people who have severe migraines.
How effective is scalp cooling?
Activation and Useful tips:
- Initially soak in water for 5- 10 minutes so crystal in pockets swells into gel form. (pockets should be firm but not bursting).
- When removing from water gently twist in opposite directions to remove excess water.
- Vigorously wipe inside and outside of the product with a towel. (some gel/slime may escape simply wipe it away).
- Hang inside out till material is completely dry.
- Place dried caps in the freezer, after 2-3 hours maximum cooling is achieved. If the caps are stiff (frozen) when taken out of freezer (after a longer period than 3 hours) simply leave them out to defrost.
- Use a Cooler-Bag to transport caps to your Chemotherapy. Caps should be covered with an ice block. Cool remaining caps until they are needed.
- Product must be applied 45-60 min. before drug-therapy/infusion starts (Pre-Cooling Time).
- Product must always have a close contact to scalp.
- You always have to change caps after max. 1-1.5 hours – cooling time per cap 1 to max. 1,5 hours.
- Cap change must happen as quickly as possible to avoid dilation of the blood vessels.
- Caps must be used during the complete therapy-session (Infusion Time).
- Cap must be applied for 45-60 minutes directly after infusion (Post Infusion Cooling Time).
- Please consider applied drug and required Pre-, Infusion- and Post-Cooling Time – 2 – 5 Cooling Caps will be required.
- Product must be used during every therapy-session.
- If you notice a partial hair loss, prolong post cooling time.
- A few days before your chemotherapy and a few days after do not wash, blow-dry or dye your hair and other actions that will increase circulation of the scalp.
- Store caps in freezer and remove them the day before your next chemotherapy to thaw the gel pockets (hang product). Cool caps again for 2 to 3 hours in the freezer (before going to the treatment) to ensure that the required temperature is reached.(see point 5.)
Partial hair loss, e.g. after the first treatment can be stopped with continued cooling therapy.Therefore, you should not resign after a possibly less successful 1st treatment – always go through two to three treatments to achieve a positive result.
Use of cooling caps is suitable for malignant, solid tumors such as breast cancer, colon cancer, prostate cancer or lung cancer etc.
Contraindications – Use of a Cooling Cap is not recommended with:
- Hematological malignancies (leukemia, non Hodgkin’s and other generalized lymphomas)
- Manifest scalp metastases. Please ask your doctor.
When the crystal/gel pockets start to dehydrate and become flat start activation from step 1.
- Whilst in activated (gel) state, product must be stored by hanging in a ventilated area
DO NOT STORE IT IN THE FRIDGE!
- If wishing to store for long periods, allow item to completely dehydrate (returning it to crystal) then put it into storage
- To re-activate, start from step 1.
- Simply hand wash in warm water with mild soap for no more than 2 minutes
- Hang to dry
- Occasionally beads of gel may appear, this is not a fault simply wipe away with a cloth
Please Note: Gel crystals are non-sensitive to skin and mucous membranes, are not absorbed by skin and are non-toxic.